Is Italy Really Ready for Starbucks Milan?
âDedicated to Milan, the city that inspired our dreams. Every coffee we served brought us here.â
This inscription (translated from Italian) shines bright â" literally, itâs backlit â" on a wall of Starbucksâ newest location in Milan, Italy, a massive coffee roaster, cafe, and shop, open to the public as of September 7. Those familiar with the coffee brand or its dreamer of a founder, Howard Schultz, will know that statement might be a platitude, but itâs not hyperbole.
Milan has long been peddled as the spiritual birthplace of Starbucks. âDuring my fir st trip to Milan in 1983, I was captivated by the sense of community I found in the cityâs espresso bars â" the moments of human connection that passed so freely and genuinely between baristas and their customers,â Schultz, Starbucksâ former CEO, founder, and chairman emeritus, wrote in a release. After becoming infatuated with âthe theater, romance, art, and magic of experiencing espressoâ in Italy, Schultz acquired Starbucks in 1988, intent on introducing the Italian coffee experience â" complete with espresso, cappuccino, and professional baristas â" to Americans.
Over the next 30 years, he exported his idea of the Italian coffee-drinking experience into more than 28,000 locations in 78 countries. Itâs thus both ironic and completely understandable that the country most associated with coffee eluded Schultzâs Starbucks for 28 years. In 2016, with some trepidation, the company announced its entree into Italy. Milan was chosen over Rome, Italyâs capital, d ue to Schultzâs personal ties to it.
By all accounts, Starbucksâ new Roastery is an overeager and visually striking tribute to Starbucksâ white whale. A heightened fantasy of Italian aesthetics, itâs not as campy as Disney World, but still vividly American with its excessive polish and vaguely steampunk style. The 25,000-square-foot space (once a post office, and before that a stock exchange) houses many bells and whistles: The physical roaster was made by Scolari, an Italian manufacturer of industrial coffee equipment; casks are made from bronze, a material often used in Milanese decor and architecture; counters are honed out of the same 30-ton block of Calacatta Macchia Verde marble from Tuscany. A mermaid statue â" Starbucksâ figurehead â" adorns the Roasteryâs portico, and was carved out of Carrara marble by Italian sculptor Giovanni Baldieri. Though Starbucksâ press releases promised âhumilityâ and ârespect,â the overall effect is one of excessiv e flamboyance, not unlike an American dressing themselves in head-to-toe Gucci, Fendi, and Versace while on holiday in Rome.
But does Starbucks fit into the cityâs current coffee culture? In Milan, both everyday coffee bars and gilded, opulent establishments (such as Cova in via Monte Napoleone, established in 1817) are an integral part of the city. There are 149,429 coffee bars in Italy, and 63.8 percent of Italians have their breakfast at coffee bars or coffee-pastry-shop hybrids, each spending an average of 2 to 3 Euros for coffee and a breakfast pastry, according to a 2017 report by FIPE (the Italian Federation of Public Exercises).
The coffee bar is perhaps the most distinctive lifestyle landmark of Italy. A grounding daily ritual for Italians of all walks of life, coffee bars are open all day. They offer coffee and pastries for breakfast; no-frills lunch options (salads, sandwiches, and piadine); and aperitivi in the early evening. The proprietors of neighborhood establishments greet regulars by their first names.
Standard Italian coffee counter menus are extremely concise. âCaffÃ¨â means âespressoâ by default. Variations on the theme are caffÃ© lungo, caffÃ¨ macchiato, caffÃ¨ ristretto, latte macchiato, and cappuccino. By contrast, the menu at Starbucksâ Milan Roastery offers more than 115 coffee and tea-based drinks. Thereâs a tea âperfumed with Jasmine aromas with ginger spice and orange peel accents.â An artisanal affogato station is dubbed âFire and Ice.â A new drink, the Cordusio, which pays tribute to the marocchino (a shot of espresso, cocoa powder, a nd milk froth), was launched worldwide this week in honor of the opening. The reactions from Milanese are mixed.
Die hards, proud of the countryâs long legacy in coffee, scoff at the arrival of an American colossus on principle. âItâs offensive to Italian coffee culture,â Daniele Amodio, a Neapolitan graduate student of history, says, calling out âthe pretentiousness of these Americans, who want to bring their own idea of coffee here, where the beverage was in fact created, sponsored, and promoted.â
Lorenzo Bises, a local writer with a background in art history, promotes Milanese culture but says heâll try Starbucksâ new megashop â" eventually. âIf itâs not too crowded and teeming with teenagers, which usually happens to trendynew establishments, I wonât mind going,â he says.
âI am a loyal Starbucks customer when I travel abroad,â says Federico Caligaris, a financial advisor based in Milan who admits to loving mocha-based concoctions . âI think it guarantees service and products of a certain level, in contexts where itâs usually hard to come by a high-quality beverage.â Still, he says he probably wonât be a regular at the Milano Roastery because itâs not within walking distance from his office.
Despite their allegiance to coffee bars, somewhat paradoxically, Italians donât seek outwhat Starbucksâ stateside roasters tout: single-origin beans or precisely temperature controlled brews. In Italy, espresso flavor profiles are very rarely discussed. âI donât think [Italian customers] really care about flavor profiles and notes, mainly because in order to properly distinguish them, you need some expertise,â says coffee roaster Carlo Russo, who owns the nearby coffee bar Milano Roastery. âWhat matters is to drink a good espresso that doesnât taste bitter or burnt.â
Whether or not Starbucksâ coffee will be judged as bitter or not is still up in the air. But in an effort to show i ts support of local Italian businesses, the coffee giant partnered with a longstanding and well-liked bakery chain, Princi. Not just a series of coffee counters, thereâs a bakery inside the new Roastery, and, as part of the partnership, Starbucks is bringing Princi stateside.
Whatâs more, Starbucksâ Milan Roastery opens at a time when the city is rife with establishments that nod to American cuisine and beverages. Twenty years ago, former Danone manager Marco DâArrigo launched California Bakery, which specializes in all-American desserts such as cookies, apple pie, and cherry pie. An unassuming storefront in the late 1990s, it now has eight locations all over Milan. âAmerica Coffeeâ is the first caffeinated beverage listed. Tizzyâs NY Bar and Grill, located on the Naviglio is a New York-style diner, complete with subway tiles, that offers a slightly refined version of diner fare. The city also sports Coreyâs Soul Chicken, a soul-food restaurant operated by Ke ntucky-native Corey McCathern.
And, thereâs a thriving number of Starbucks-inspired cafe chains, which, like Starbucks in the U.S. cater to students and freelancers who need a place to study and work. Arnold Coffee, with locations in Milan, Florence, and Rome claims to be Italyâs first American-style coffee bar, with its own version of a Caramel Macchiato; Turin and Rome have Busters Coffee, which serves frappÃ©s, shakes, and iced coffees. The City of Naples boasts Cup Capâs CafÃ©, whose tagline is âAmerican Style, Neapolitan Coffee.â On this note, purists just have to acknowledge the obvious: There is, indeed, a high demand for beverages beyond the espresso/macchiato/cappuccino trifecta. âStarbucks is trendy.Itâs coolto visit Starbucks, parade around a city with your paper cup, and take a photo of yourself with it for the Instagram,â Caligaris says.
On this note, doesnât it almost seem counterintuitive of Starbucks, given the demand for sugary and insta-friendly concoctions from younger crowds, to open a roastery that overemphasizes the âItalianâ component? The cups are even lacking Starbucksâ famed logo, in favor of a single star.
And yet, considering that the flagship store will be located steps away from the Duomo, where the touristsâ foot traffic is in high volume and composed of people who are likely familiar with the brand, it seems quite easy to predict Starbucksâ success, at least money-wise, even though they might elect it as a pit-stop to mooch on wifi rather than savor a heightened fantasy of the Italian coffee-drinking experiences. â
As soon as Starbucks opens in Italy, it wonât be in a podunk town, but in major cities,â William Cisco, a hi gh-school teacher and playwright, bluntly put it. âSo, if they just get one-time customers that go there just for the sake of a photograph, it will be so many of them that it wonât matter.â
âThe choice to enter the Italian marketplace was a careful one, and we have taken our time to ensure that the entry into Italy has been thoughtful and respectful,â a Starbucks representative elaborated over email. âWe are very proud of the Reserve Roastery experience we are bringing and have no intention of teaching Italians about espresso. We know we need to earn their respect, every day.â Local businesses are not too worried. âIt will be good for us if a colossus such as Starbucks manages to make high-quality coffee better known,â said Carlo Russo of the Milano Roastery.
Unfortunately, though, the Frappuccino and pumpkin-spice-latte-loving crowds will have to wait for the opening of non-premium locations to satisfy their cravings. Luckily, theyâre just a few months away.
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